Art is whatever people increase their 'output' that is not functionally necessary and is apart from the default properties of this output. The term "art" has been produced from the Latin word 'ars', which, loosely translated, means "arrangement" or "to set up". This is actually the only universal definition of art, that whatever it really is was at some time arranged for some reason. There are several other colloquial uses of the term, all with some regards to its etymological roots. This word originates from the Greek technic meaning art.
Art and science are often treated diagonally opposite to one another. While science means some phenomenon leading to truth, that is universal and objective in nature. Basically, science findings could be repeated beneath the same group of circumstances all over the world at any given point of time. Same can't be said of art. Art, however is purely subjective in nature.
Take for instance, a painting - while one calls it a masterpiece, same feelings can't be expected from other individual.
Art can roughly be split into two, namely philosophical art and aesthetic art. The philosophical kind of art involves human figures for a few purposive actions. Quite simply, philosophical art depicts human condition or it's the conceptual mindset of the artist.
Aesthetic art, however, shows the perceived mindset. Two examples can help illustrate both of these points of view - a Mona Lisa painting is philosophical art, while a demon being killed by way of a super human is aesthetic. Both of these categories may also be called classical and modern art respectively.
There are different ways of classifying art - major included in this being architecture, design, painting, music, drawing, literature, performing art, etc. While these have already been (but still are) traditional types of art performed by human kind, newer types of art have emerged with the advent of technology. A few of the later era art forms are games, animation, movie, computer art, shooting, etc.
Two of the very most researched regions of interest to artists, critiques and archeologists has been the art movement (or art history) and art school.
An art movement is really a typical style or tendency in art with a particular common philosophy, accompanied by several artists throughout a restricted time period (which range from a couple of months to years or decades). Art school is any educational institute offering education to its students on various types of art.
Birth of art gave rise to some other band of individuals - art critics. Art critics study and evaluate a bit of art. Its main purpose would be to rationalize the evaluation of art, and ridding of any personal opinion affecting the task of art.
Art criticism today deploys systematic and formal solutions to evaluate the artwork.
Museums are recognized to nurture and store work of arts around the world. Early era museums were patronized by the then kings and emperors. Today they are maintained by governments or private trusts with or without public money. Three major museum institutes are British Museum, Museum of Modern Art, NY and Galerie des Offices in France.
Understanding art in its totality is nearly an impossible task for a individual. You can find over 3,600 terms in art to be understood. And they are not definitive in nature.
Art is if you are absolve to redefine these.